Monday, May 26, 2008

Start of The Da3wa

How did the Prophet start the da3wa (introduce people to Islam)?

He did not start with knocking down the idols around the Ka3ba. These, he knew, were going to be knocked down eventually after establishing Islam.
He did not start by declaring the message off a mountain. No one would have listened.

His plan was to choose among every family in Quraysh those who were successful in their practical life (committed people but not necessarily rich or descendants of great families) and known for their moral conduct.
His plan was to form a nucleus of distinguished people who would be committed to the message and who would support him.

One of these people was Abu-Bakr, a 38 years-old successful trader, who was cherished by Quraysh and was an expert in the genealogies of the Arabs of the Arabian Peninsula.

Another person was Khadijah, not because she was his wife, but because she was distinguished.

The third person was Ali Ibn Abu-Taleb, the Prophet’s first cousin who was 10 years-old. He was living in Mohammed’s house at that time and asked the Prophet about this religion when he saw him praying, then asked for a chance to think it over before he embraced Islam. Even better, the following day, when the Prophet asked him what his decision was, Ali answered, “Repeat what you said yesterday.” Having thought it over, he embraced Islam and uttered Al-Shahada (declaration of faith).

Two days later, Abu-Taleb (the Prophet’s uncle) saw Ali praying and asked him about it. Ali answered, “I followed Mohammed and committed myself to the true way. This is the true way.” Abu-Taleb said, “Stay as you are. Mohammed would never command you except with what is right.”

Islam started with Mohammed, one man, one woman, and a child. Four people were the nucleus of all this success.


3 First Verses of the Holy Quran

The first three verses which were revealed to the Prophet after “Recite,” are:

- Surat Al-Muzzammil (Enwrapped): “O you enwrapped (in your raiment). Rise up (to pray during) the night, except a little, A half of it, or diminish a little thereof, Or increase thereto; and recite the Qur’an (in a distinct) recitation....” (TMQ, 73:1-4).
click to listen to Surat Al-Muzzammil:

- Surat Al-Muddaththir (shrouded): “O you shrouded (in your mantle), O you shrouded (in your mantle), And so your Lord magnify, And so your clothes purify, And so defilement forsake! And be not bountiful, (hoping) to gain more, And to your Lord (endure) patiently!..." (TMQ, 74:1-7).
click to listen to Surat Al-Muddaththir:

- Surat Al-Fatihah (The Opening): “In The Name of Allah, The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful. Praise be to Allah, The Lord of the worlds. The All-Merciful, The Ever-Merciful. The Possessor of the Day of Doom. You only do we worship, and You only do we beseech for help. Guide us in the straight Path. The Path of the ones whom You have favored, other than that of the ones against whom You are angered, and not (that of) the erring... (It is customary to say “amîn” “amen” at the end of this Surah).” (TMQ, 1:1-7).
click to listen to Surat Al-Fatihah:

These versus provide us with insight into the significance of the prayers and the requirements for the great reform Mohammed PBUH was going to lead:
Knowledge (Recite), spiritual power (Al-Muzzammil), work and motion (Al-Muddaththir), then, the way or the path to which he should steadfast to gain salvation in the two worlds (Al-Fatihah).

Having informed the Prophet of these requirements, the revelation stopped for two months in order for Muhammad to set a plan for his mission since this was his task not Jebreel’s AS. During these two months, the Prophet got really worried thinking that he had done something wrong and that Allah had abandoned him.

Hence, Allah’s kind words were revealed to comfort him in Surat Ad-Duha, in which Alla says what can be translated as:
“And (by) the forenoon, And (by) the night when it (comes) with its dark stillness! In no way has your Lord disregarded you, and in no way has He disfavored you. And indeed the Hereafter will be more charitable (i.e., better) for you than the First (i.e., the present life). And indeed your Lord will eventually give you so that you will be satisfied. Did He not find you an orphan, so He gave (you) an abode, And He found you erring, so He guided (you), And He found you in want, so He enriched (you)? Then, as for the orphan, then do not subdue (him), And as for the beggar, then do not scold (him); And as for your Lord’s favor, then discourse about it! (i.e., proclaim it)...” (TMQ, 93:1-11).
click to listen to Surat Ad-Duha: